Captain Murphy wed Elizabeth Billings in May 1870 at Plattsmouth, Neb. where he was a U.S. Marshall and census taker in 1870. "
Some time near the eleventh of May in 1871 two companies of men left Plattsmouth, Nebraska for the Republican River Country.
One of the companies was named the "South Platte Colony" headed by R.B. Wisdom, Samuel Waugh, S.B. Chase and Mr. Hamond.
The other company was headed by the "Pioneer-of-the-Prairies," Captain Edward B. Murphy, and called the "Arapahoe Town Company".
At that time the roads in all directions were lined with gleaming - "White Prairie Schooners".
A small band of the Arapahoe tribe of Indians wintered in the valley near the town site - hence the village named "Arapahoe".
The 'building party' arrived in "Arapahoe" on July 18, 1871 and the 'town site' was staked out by July 18, 1876. It was officially surveyed and platted on September 4, 1871. There is on record at the "Receivers Office" at Lowell, in October 18, 1873, a receipt of $400.00 from Captain E.B. Murphy for three hundred twenty acres at the price of $1.25 an acre.
Before organization the area was known as "James County" but after organization it was named "Furnas County" after Robert Furnas, Governor of Nebraska.
Ruth Welch Harris
Captain Ed B. Murphy, one of the best known residents in western Nebraska, late of Arapahoe, Furnas county, was the first settler in this place. He laid out the town of Arapahoe, and for many years was one of the leading citizens here, lending his influence and aid in building up the place and furthering its commercial and educational welfare.
Mr. Murphy was born in Limerick, Ireland, and came to America at the age of fourteen and came with his parents, who settled in Wayne, Michigan. At the breaking out of the Civil War he raised a company at Ottomwa, Iowa, and was appointed captain of Company A, Seventh Iowa Cavalry. He and Colonel Summers served in the west against the Indians, and had command, and at one time had charge of twenty companies at Fort Kearney. They fought the Indians at the Blue and had a big battle at Julesburg, and went through many exciting and dangerous times. After the war he ran a ranch called "Alkali Lake Range," located on the California trail near Fort McPherson. Here the Indians got so bold and dangerous that he was forced to abandon it.
In 1871 Mr. Murphy came to Arapahoe, he being the first white settler in this region. He took up a homestead of one hundred and sixty acres, on which we laid out the town, giving it the name it now bears, after the famous Indian chief. He began selling off lots, then he bought more land, and also was engaged in the stock business, buying and selling cattle. He had a farm of two hundred and forty acres, and this was stocked with a big