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A HISTORICAL AND GEOLOGICAL SKETCH
OF NEBRASKA

     On the first day of March, 1867, Nebraska was admitted into the Union.  Through the mist of years the chronology of Nebraska has been handed down, tinged with romance as well as the sterner realities.  The name itself possesses a mysterious charm.  Young men who comprise the bone and sinew of the young State's 1,000,000 inhabitants have taken the land as they found it with scarcely an inquiry as to its origin.  Misfortunes are long remembered.  Perhaps they have a faint recollection of an Eastern home where kind friends busied themselves in providing things needed in a land sorely stricken with the plague of Egypt.  Even youth born within Nebraska borders and educated in its boasted institutions of learning may have glanced at its history only hurriedly.

It is believed that over all this vast region once rested an immense lake, compared to which Lake Superior is a mere pond.  Over the bottom of this lake were spread, through the changing scenes of time, lacustrine deposits of soil five to two hundred feet deep.  A small area on the north side of the State seems to have emerged first, for the soil is entirely gone from it.  But it must


"BUD"


The frost lies on the ground, Bud--
     A whiteness everywhere;
The sky is dark and gloomy,
     A chilliness in the air.

The birds have all gone South, Bud,
     Where skies are blue and fair;
And there comes now no music
     From trees so lone and bare.

The years lie on my head, Bud,
     And snow-white is my hair;
My friends have all departed--
     I've none with whom to share.

They say there is a land, Bud,
     Where there is no more care
And there will be no parting;
     I'll meet the loved ones there.

--Boyd Perkin


MAMMOTH


What picture shall we paint from these huge bones,
A Mammoth of the Pieocene age?
Vainly we'll ask the artist or the sage
Unless the poet's gift he freely owns:
For only poets truly can portray
That ancient beast in colors for Today.
Who else can place a heart in that huge frame
And 'round these naked bones a robe array?
Can others set that ancient heart aflame,
That it again may trumpet forth its love
For the vast heard now gathered far above?

--Boyd Perkin

have been at one time a tropic isle of marvelous luxuriance of vegetable and animal life.  In the hardened clay of its low hills are to be found vast numbers of  fossil animals that have no existence outside the tropics.  Here were immense numbers of rhinoceroses, horned and hornless, some with two horns, and others with none.  Here ranged the hippopotami and vast herds of carnivorous animals; here are found petrified turtles, one specimen perfectly preserved.  Being seven feet across.  "it requires but little imagination," says Bishop Warren, "to cover the region of the mouth of the Niobrara with abundant forests through which meandered great rivers full of

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